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Tajikistan Intends to Increase Its Electricity Generation Capacity by 2030

By 2030, Tajikistan intends to increase its electricity generation capacity by 40%. This will be possible through the creation of wind and solar power plants, construction and reconstruction of large hydroelectric power stations. Only due to the latter, the country’s energy capacity will additionally increase by four thousand megawatts of clean and green electricity. The topic is relevant especially in winter. What are they doing today to achieve the global goal?

Scientist Zarifdzhan Yuldashev knows everything about solar energy. He has 50 patents, all related to renewable energy sources. He considers the sun to be the most promising. It is placed above bioenergy and wind stations.

“Here is a solar kitchen for cooking or heating water, the design of which allows it to be used in mountainous areas or rural areas,” said Zarifdzhan Yuldashev.

The developments of the scientist and his colleagues from the Center for the Use of Renewable Energy Sources can provide heat and light to a farm, a huge enterprise, and an entire residential complex. They believe that the power of the sun is especially useful in rural areas.

“Electricity production will make up a significant share and may completely compensate for or replace electricity consumption from state networks,” the researcher added.

So far, solar power plants provide only 2% of the country’s total electricity generation. They are used in hospitals and schools, and more powerful ones are already being installed in some areas. The focus is on hydropower.

“According to the Ministry of Energy, electricity production in Tajikistan last year reached a record high for the entire period of the country’s independence – more than 20 billion kilowatt hours. We plan to increase the amount of electricity generated through the modernization and reconstruction of hydroelectric power stations,” said Farkhod Nasrulloev, an employee of the Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower and Ecology.

Today, reconstruction is underway at the Nurek hydroelectric power station. The units are being changed here. The Rogun hydroelectric power station is under construction. It will significantly influence the increase in capacity. Another 3,600 kilowatts will appear in the country. In the highlands, in the east of the country, the Sebzor hydroelectric power station is being built. Work is currently underway on the main dam. Its length is 60 meters and its height is 8.

“The capacity of the hydroelectric power station in the future will be 11 megawatts. The construction of a hydroelectric power station in this area is not accidental, since the speed of water movement here is relatively high, it does not freeze in winter and is very suitable for driving units,” said Navruz Yusufzod, an employee of the hydroelectric power station.

The hydropower potential of Tajikistan is estimated at more than five hundred billion kilowatt hours per year, but only 20% is used in the republic. With increased capacity, the country should achieve energy security and become a major exporter of electricity.

Now the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources is considering the production of hydrogen in the amount of up to 500 thousand tons by 2030 as an alternative energy source.

Source: Oil Exp