Home » A Case of Measles Was Registered in a Two-year-old Child in Nyagan. The Family Came From Tajikistan
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A Case of Measles Was Registered in a Two-year-old Child in Nyagan. The Family Came From Tajikistan

The baby is hospitalized. Medical workers from Nyagan and specialists from the territorial Rospotrebnadzor carried out the necessary anti-epidemiological measures in the outbreak among contact persons. Over the next 21 days, all those in contact with the sick person will be under observation. This was reported by the press service of the Nyagan city clinic.

Measles is far from harmless, as many people believe. The disease is very dangerous due to its complications, which can threaten not only the health, but also the life of the patient.

The most common and severe of them are pneumonia, bronchitis, false croup, measles encephalitis (inflammation of the brain substance, from which every fourth patient dies), inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media).

Measles reduces immunity and even after recovery a person is very susceptible to other infectious diseases.

Measles is highly contagious. Often, the sources of infection are persons who have visited “dangerous” countries and, accordingly, persons who have not been vaccinated… In 90% of cases, measles is transmitted like an avalanche to all those who have been in contact with an infected person. Today, the main source of infection for the population of the country and Ugra, including, are migrants from less prosperous territories (Ukraine, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and others). The Republic of Dagestan is also unfavorable in this regard. In many regions of the Russian Federation, measles is registered, first as an imported case, and then as a local case, since a fairly large number of residents are not vaccinated.

The first symptoms are severe headache, weakness, fever up to 40 C. A little later, these conditions are accompanied by a runny nose, cough, and an almost complete lack of appetite. Very characteristic of measles is the appearance of conjunctivitis, which is manifested by photophobia, lacrimation, and redness of the eyes. These symptoms last for 2 to 4 days.

On the 4th day of the disease, a rash appears, which looks like small red spots of various sizes with a tendency to merge. The rash appears on the face and head (especially behind the ears) and spreads throughout the body within 3-4 days. It is very characteristic of measles that the rash appears in stages from top to bottom. The rash leaves behind pigmentation (dark spots that persist for several days), which disappears in the same sequence as the rash appeared).

Rospotrebnadzor specialists note that the only effective preventative against measles is vaccination.

According to the National Preventive Vaccination Calendar, children are immunized at the age of 12 months. The second vaccination (revaccination) is administered at the age of 6 years (before school).

For adults, immunization is indicated up to the age of 35 inclusive, twice, with an interval of 3 months, for adults who have not been vaccinated previously and/or do not have documented information about previous vaccinations. Certain categories of citizens: medical workers, workers in education, trade, public transport, utilities, and social services are subject to immunization against measles up to 55 years of age inclusive.

Measles vaccine is slightly reactogenic. However, in some cases (5-15% probability), the following reactions may be observed (from 5 to 15 days after vaccination): increased body temperature (usually not higher than 39°C), catarrhal symptoms (cough, conjunctivitis, runny nose) , a light pink measles-like rash in children (5%), prone to allergic reactions, may develop a rash in the first hours after the vaccine is administered. Vaccine reactions usually resolve within 2-3 days.

Contraindications to immunization: severe immunodeficiencies, cancer, tuberculosis, pregnancy, severe systemic allergy to chicken (quail) egg white, severe systemic allergic reaction to aminoglycosides (for example, gentamicin).

“Please check your vaccination certificates and, if you do not find information about vaccination against measles, contact the vaccination office of the clinic at your place of residence. To prevent measles from spreading, 95% of residents must be vaccinated,” health workers ask.

Addresses for vaccination in the city of Nyagan:

  • the vaccination office is open on Serginskaya street, building 14, first floor, office No. 8, reception hours on weekdays: 08.00-15.00.
  • the vaccination office also operates in the “head” building of the clinic at the address: Uralskaya Street, 1, office No. 127, office hours on weekdays: 10.15-12.00 and 12.30-14.00 hours, Saturday: 08.00-12.00 hours).

Source: Nyagan Live